A biodiversity sensitivity map has been created in order to provide a visual tool, which indicated the spread of biodiversity in the study area. The map also pointed out places with important sightings of threatened and ecologically important flora and fauna. A unique method is used to prepare a biodiversity index that was used as a reference while preparing biodiversity sensitivity map. In the map, lights to dark shades are used to indicate low to high biodiversity of the study area. This provides better insight of rich biodiversity regions of the study area.
To strengthen its core activities of tree inventory and greenbelt planning, Terracon Ecotech has measured and analyzed the carbon absorption rates of top 100 species of trees that are commonly found in tropical India. Assessing the carbon absorption and sequestration rates of different species plays a very critical role in understanding a forest’s ability to absorb carbon of all forms, managing the carbon influx in the environment and determining how impactful these sinks are in the mitigation of climate change. According to a study by United Nations, India is expected to be one of the world’s worst-affected countries by climate change, with an estimated 5% loss of GDP.
This project envisages calculating the carbon sequestration potential of each species and it is possible to determine the historical and potential sequestrationof the area under study. This helps in identifying gaps in the carbon emission and absorption profile of the area.
The index is regarded as the first tool of its kind designed specifically to gauge the biodiversity conservation efforts of cities. Other existing indices, such as the Environmental Sustainable Index and the Environmental Performance Index, are more suited for countries and not easily applicable to cities. The City Biodiversity Index is a self-assessment tool that encourages cities to monitor and evaluate their progress in conserving and enhancing biodiversity. It comprises 23 indicators under three core components: (a) native biodiversity in the city; (b) ecosystem services provided by biodiversity in the city; and (c) governance and management of biodiversity in the city.Terracon Ecotech Pvt. Ltd. has partnered with Convention on Biological Diversity to bring the index to India and has brought the first index for the City of Mira Bhainder, a suburb of Mumbai.